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what is the commerce act

This Act is administered by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. 3. …the new interpretation of the commerce clause laid down in, The commerce clause simply authorized Congress “To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.” Particularly since a series of decisions in 1937, the court has interpreted Congress’s regulatory power broadly under the commerce clause as new methods of…, …the court employed the Constitution’s commerce clause (Article I Section 8) to nullify state laws of taxation or regulation that discriminated against or unduly burdened interstate commerce. From time to time state or local authorities have attempted to deal in foreign policy matters considered exclusively the province of the federal government, but their efforts have invariably been struck down by the courts. — This Act shall be known and cited as … The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 (24 Stat. Although it is also generally held that the states may almost exclusively regulate intrastate commerce, Congress in fact does have the power to regulate such commerce in certain situations. The Glass-Steagall Act—established in 1933 and repealed in 1999—separated commercial banking and investment banking. “Criminal or unlawful misuse” is the key phrase, because as you’ll see, not all uses of firearms or ammunition are covered. Related Content Big Picture. By Kelly Sampson, Counsel. All 32 Democratic members of the Energy and Commerce Committee today introduced the Leading Infrastructure For Tomorrow’s America Act, or LIFT America Act. What is a ‘trade area’? Although the states do have some limited powers to tax foreign commerce, it may generally be said that in dealings with foreign states, the federal government is the sole agent of all the people of the United States. One example would be California’s law requiring that products containing anything on a list of carcinogens to be labeled as such. Corrections? Adopting a novel interpretation of the clause, the Court held that it applies only to commercial “activity,” not to commercial inactivity. Legal Definitions. In Swift & Co. v. United States (1905), for example, the Supreme Court held that a price-fixing scheme among Chicago meat packers constituted a restraint of interstate commerce—and was therefore illegal under the federal Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)—because the local meatpacking industry was part of a larger “current of commerce among the States.” Similarly, in the case of United States v. Darby (1941), although only some of the goods manufactured by Darby Lumber were to be shipped through interstate commerce, the Supreme Court held that the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (1938) could be applied to the intrastate production of those goods, because that production was part of the mainstream of the activity that would inevitably affect the interstate status of the goods. Uniform Commercial Code Article 2 governs the sale of goods. Everyone realized … Specifically, where the commerce is not such as to require uniform regulation throughout the country and no relevant federal regulation exists, the states retain the power to regulate it until Congress, at a later date, enacts further legislation to restrict them. Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act), 1 . Short Title and Declaration of Policy. Commerce clause, provision of the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) that authorizes Congress “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with Indian Tribes.” The commerce clause has traditionally been interpreted both as a grant of positive authority to Congress and as an implied prohibition of state laws and regulations that interfere with or discriminate against interstate commerce (the so-called “dormant” commerce clause). The proposal, called the Protecting the Right to Organize (PRO) Act (H.R. It safeguards and encourages consumers to speak against insufficiency and flaws in goods and services. The act became law with the support of both major political parties and pressure groups from all regions of the country. Trafficking Victims Protection], the term commercial sex act means “any sex act on account of which anything of value is given to or received by any person.”. Others include relevant provisions in supplementary laws. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A sign displayed on a covered wagon, c. 1900, stating that it carried interstate commerce traffic only. On 14 June 2000, President Joseph E. Estrada signed into law R.A. 8792 "An Act Providing For The Recognition And Use of Electronic Commercial And Non-Commercial Transactions, Penalties For Unlawful Use Thereof, And Other Purposes, also known as the "Electronic Commerce Act." #1: gives legal recognition of electronic documents, signatures, data messages as evidence in court. The Commerce Commission (Māori: Te Komihana Tauhokohoko) is a New Zealand government agency with responsibility for enforcing legislation that relates to competition in the country's markets, fair trading and consumer credit contracts, and regulatory responsibility for areas such as electricity and gas, telecommunications, dairy products and airports. The Consumer Protection Act, implemented in 1986, gives easy and fast compensation to consumer grievances. Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment, relating to assessing, setting, and reconsidering, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, About this Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Commerce Act 1986 seeks to promote competition in markets for the long-term benefit of consumers. commerce operator who is required to collect tax at source under section 52 of the CGST Act, 2017.However, where the e-commerce operators are liable to pay tax on behalf of the suppliers under a notification issued under section 9 (5) of the CGST Act, 2017, the suppliers of such services are entitled for threshold exemption. The Protect Interstate Commerce Act would prohibit any of those regulations that also apply to products from out of state, most of which do. October 26 will see several notable birthdays: Secretary Hillary Clinton, actor Seth MacFarlane, and … dun dun dun … the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, aka “PLCAA.” The following year, the Air Commerce Act established a bureau to enforce procedures for the licensing of aircraft, engines, pilots, and other personnel. That “selective exclusiveness” rule was affirmed and expanded upon in Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona (1945), in which the Court found that. Section 8) that authorizes Congress “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with Indian Tribes.” Sec 106 of the ESIGN Act defines: 1. In United States v. Lopez, the Court ruled that the Gun-Free Zones Act (1990), which prohibited the possession of a firearm within 1,000 feet of a school, was unconstitutional because the measure “neither regulates a commercial activity nor contains a requirement that the possession be connected in any way to interstate commerce.” In United States v. Morrison (2000), the Court held that the commerce clause did not permit Congress to enact a federal civil remedy—i.e., a ground for civil lawsuits in federal courts—for acts of gender-motivated violence as part of the Violence Against Women Act (1994). Browse eCommerce . The Electronic Signatures in Global National Commerce Act (ESIGN) is a U.S. federal law law that gives equal value to electronic signatures and handwritten signatures in contracts. SECTION 1. the power of Congress to promote interstate commerce also includes the power to regulate the local incidents thereof…which might have a substantial and harmful effect upon that commerce. 379 [49 U.S.C.A. Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) Introduction The . This Act is administered by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment. If traders and manufacturers practice any illegal trade, this act protects their rights as a consumer. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Commercial Sex Act Law and Legal Definition. AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE LEGAL RECOGNITION OF ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS, ELECTRONIC WRITING, ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES AND ORIGINAL INFORMATION IN ELECTRONIC FORM IN RELATION TO COMMERCIAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS AND DEALINGS AND OTHER MATTERS, THE ADMISSIBILITY OF EVIDENCE IN RELATION TO SUCH MATTERS, THE … 2. The Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act is specifically designed to protect manufacturers and dealers from civil liability actions stemming from criminal or unlawful misuse of their products. The term commerce, which is not defined in the commerce clause (or anywhere else in the Constitution), has been variously interpreted by the courts. It is designed to protect consumers, while also giving them tools to control their own data. in the absence of conflicting legislation by Congress, there is a residuum of power in the state to make laws governing matters of local concern. The commerce clause gives Congress the exclusive power to make laws relating to foreign trade and commerce and to commerce among the various states. The Act essentially introduces setting up of a Commercial Court at District level and a Commercial Division in the High Court, having ordinary original civil jurisdiction to deal with Commercial Dispute2 of a Specified Value3, not being less than Rs.1,00,00,000 or such higher value as may be notified by the Central Government. signed into law on June 30, 2000, provides a general rule of validity for electronic records and signatures for transactions in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce. (2) ELECTRONIC– The term 'electronic' means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. Updates? The clause subsequently was used to uphold the power of Congress to regulate vast sectors of the economy.…. Changes authorised by subpart 2 of Part 2 of the Legislation Act 2012 have been made in this official reprint. In its unanimous (9–0) decision to uphold the law later that year (Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States), the Supreme Court declared that. The 1906 Act made it “unlawful for any person to manufacture within any Territory or the District of Columbia any article of food or drug which is adulterated or misbranded.” It outlawed the “introduction” or “shipment” of misbranded foods and drugs into the states—but, conspicuously, it did not regulate the manufacture of drugs within the states. McClung, 379 U.S. 274 (1964), the Supreme Court ruled that the Civil Rights Act could be applied through the Commerce Clause to a local family-owned restaurant which refused to … The Air Commerce Act of 1926 established federal regulations regarding aircraft, airmen, navigational facilities and the establishment of air traffic regulations. documents scanned or electronic signature identity authenticate … Commission maintains regulation of three telco services to protect consumers. In history of flight: From airmail to airlines in the United States. Foreign Relations and Intercourse; Chapter 78. FAQ: E-Commerce 8 1 the e-commerce act - republic act 8792 1. the e-commerce law janette toral certified e-commerce specialist, entrepreneur, professional program (republic act 8792) 2. The FCRA bill was passed by Congress in 1970 and has been in place since. The primary motivation of this forum is to bestow … The reason was clear enough. Note 4 at the end of this reprint provides a list of the amendments incorporated. Photo by Ryan on Unsplash. Aircraft were required to be inspected for airworthiness, and were required to have markings placed on the outside of the aircraft for identification. Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations The Interstate Commerce Act addressed the problem of railroad monopolies by setting guidelines for how the railroads could do business. 842), is a litany of almost every failed idea from the past 30 years of labor policy. § 1 et seq.]) Short Title. Title: repealed, on 26 May 2001, by section 3 of the Commerce Amendment Act 2001 (2001 No 32). In passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Congress relied on the commerce clause to prohibit racial segregation and discrimination in places of public accommodation involved in interstate commerce (Title II), among other provisions. The changes in the Commerce Amendment Bill will support businesses to compete fairly on their merits and for the Commerce Commission to take action against anti-competitive conduct. stands as a watershed in the history of the federal regulation of business. The Court held that Congress had never intended to deprive the states of all power to regulate commerce. (4) ELECTRONIC RECORD– The term 'electronic record' means a contract or other record created, generated, sent, communicated, received, or stored by electronic means. What is the Consumer Protection Act? The Court further limited the application of the commerce clause in the Affordable Care Act cases (2012), in which it largely upheld the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) of 2010. In 2005, however, the Court held in Gonzales v. Raich that enforcement of the federal Controlled Substances Act (1970) against the intrastate noncommercial possession, production, and use of medical cannabis (medical marijuana) in compliance with a California state law was consistent with the commerce clause because such activities could substantially affect the supply of and demand for marijuana in the illicit interstate market. Omissions? Since Brady Legal works diligently to prevent gun violence from taking any more lives, we take birthdays very seriously. In the matter of regulating commerce with foreign nations, the supremacy as well as the exclusivity of the federal government is generally understood. For example, the Terrorism Act 2006 was followed by the Electronic Commerce (Terrorism Act 2006) Regulations 2007. The Court in that case applied a three-part test to determine the implied condition to regulate interstate commerce: (1) that the law does not, in either its purpose or effect, discriminate against or excessively interfere with interstate commerce, (2) that the commerce in question is not such as to require national or uniform regulation, and (3) that the state’s interest in regulating such commerce is not outweighed by that of the federal government. Pursuant to 22 USCS § 7102 (3) [Title 22. The Digital Services Act ... with members of the European Parliament to take stock of the progress made in breaking down the barriers to e-commerce in the EU and discuss next opportunities and challenges. It was part of the original Uniform Commercial Code approved in 1951. Thus, the clause did not license Congress to include in the PPACA a provision that required individuals to purchase health insurance (the “individual mandate”), because the failure to purchase health insurance is not an activity in the ordinary sense. The Dangerous Ideas Behind the PRO Act. The bill establishes certain rights for consumers and regulates the ways in which credit … Article 2 represented a revision and modernization of the Uniform Sales Act, which was originally approved by the National … Interstate Commerce Act. Originally designed to prevent unfair business practices in the railroad industry, the statute shifted responsibility for the regulation of economic affairs from the states to the federal government. In its positive interpretation the clause serves as the legal foundation of much of the government’s regulatory power. The Commerce Commission announced today it will keep regulation in place for three wholesale telecommunications services to continue to promote competition and … (The Court nevertheless upheld the individual mandate as a legitimate exercise of Congress’s taxing power.). Although responsible to the Minister of Commerce and Consumer Affairs and the Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Under the Commerce Act, the Commission can authorise an agreement that lessens competition where it is satisfied that the benefits to the public outweigh the harm. This article was most recently revised and updated by,, Cornell University Law School - Legal Information Institute - Commerce clause, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) is a federal law in the United States that regulates the use of consumer credit information by credit rating agencies. Moreover, such commerce may (indeed, must) extend into the interior of the states engaged in it, though it may not be “completely internal” to a state—i.e., neither “extend[ing] to” nor “affect[ing] other States.” In Cooley v. Board of Wardens of Port of Philadelphia (1851), the Supreme Court agreed with the state of Pennsylvania that it had the right, under an act of Congress in 1789, to regulate matters concerning pilots on its waterways, including the port of Philadelphia. In 1995, for the first time in more than 50 years, the Court struck down a federal law as exceeding Congress’s regulatory authority under the commerce clause. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. (5) ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE– The term 'electronic signature' means an electronic sound, symbol, or process, attached to or logically associate… ESIGN is the result of the increasing use of electronic records. Labor unions are promoting a bill that would radically rewrite labor law in the United States . It has been amended over the years to … Consequently, some Acts, like the Equality Act 2010, contain relevant provisions of the E-commerce Regulations. Read more about authorisations at: Penalties If the courts find an individual or body corporate has breached the Commerce Act, penalties can be heavy: Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). site, Some amendments have not yet been incorporated, Certain terms defined in relation to competition, Special provisions relating to application of Act to the Crown in right of Australia and to Australian Crown corporations, Crown and Crown corporations not immune from jurisdiction in relation to certain provisions of, Transitional, savings, and related provisions, Application of Evidence Amendment Act 1980, Law relating to restraint of trade and breaches of confidence not affected, Money to be appropriated by Parliament for purposes of this Act, Functions of Commission in relation to dissemination of information, Commission to have regard to economic policies of Government, Practices substantially lessening competition, Contracts, arrangements, or understandings substantially lessening competition prohibited, Covenants substantially lessening competition prohibited, Contracts, arrangements, or understandings containing exclusionary provisions prohibited, Prohibition on entering into or giving effect to cartel provision, Meaning of cartel provision and related terms, Additional interpretation relating to cartel provisions, Cartel provisions generally unenforceable, Exception for joint buying and promotion agreements, Certain provisions of covenants with respect to prices deemed to substantially lessen competition, Practices substantially lessening competition conditional upon authorisation, Contracts or covenants subject to authorisation not prohibited under certain conditions, Taking advantage of market power in trans-Tasman markets, Resale price maintenance by suppliers prohibited, Resale price maintenance by others prohibited, Special evidentiary provisions in respect of certain resale price maintenance practices, Exceptions in relation to international liner shipping services, Further exception in relation to international liner shipping services (price fixing in relation to space on ship), Exceptions in relation to intellectual property rights, Saving in respect of business acquisitions, Declaration relating to acquisition by overseas person, Orders against New Zealand bodies corporate following declaration under section 47A, Application by Commission for declaration or order, Revocation and variation of declarations and orders, Bare transfer of market dominance excluded, Certain merger or takeover proposals require clearance or authorisation, Contracts subject to condition of clearance or authorisation, Commission may carry out competition study, Minister may require Commission to carry out competition study, Publication and status of competition report, Minister must respond to competition report, Subpart 2—Regulating particular goods or services, Overview of process if regulation imposed on goods or services, Effect of goods or services being subject to regulation, Commission inquiry into particular goods or services, Commission’s recommendation following inquiry, Revocation or amendment of Order in Council, Commission determination about how regulation applies, Determinations by Commission under this section, When input methodologies must be determined, Commission process for determining input methodologies, Review and date of publication of input methodologies, Appeals against input methodology determinations, Input methodology applies pending outcome of appeal, Subpart 4—Information disclosure regulation, Purpose of information disclosure regulation, Effect of being subject to information disclosure regulation, Section 52P determination to set out information disclosure requirements, Consolidated information may also be required, Limited exception to obligation to apply input methodologies, Purpose of negotiate/arbitrate regulation, Overview of negotiate/arbitrate regulation, Section 52P determination to set out requirements for application of negotiate/arbitrate regulation, Subpart 6—Default/customised price-quality regulation, Purpose of default/customised price-quality regulation, Overview of default/customised price-quality regulation, Content and timing of price-quality paths, Monitoring compliance with price-quality paths, Section 52P determination to set out requirements of default price-quality paths, Resetting starting prices, rates of change, and quality standards, Supplier may propose customised price-quality path, Effect of making proposal for customised price-quality path, Process and timing for assessing proposal, Determination setting customised price-quality path, What happens when customised price-quality path ends, What happens if Commission does not make decision within time frame, What happens to price-quality paths if input methodologies change, Subpart 7—Individual price-quality regulation, Price-quality path for individual businesses, Material may be incorporated by reference, Power to exempt disclosure of commercially sensitive information, Application, overview, and interpretation, Electricity lines services declared to be regulated, All electricity lines services are subject to information disclosure regulation, Certain electricity lines services are also subject to default/customised price-quality regulation, How exempt status can be lost and default/customised price-quality regulation can be applied to consumer-owned suppliers, Commission must make section 52P determination specifying how subpart applies, Section 52P determinations setting out default price-quality paths applying from 1 April 2009, Section 52P determinations setting out default price-quality paths applying from 1 April 2010, Administrative settlements made before 1 April 2009 (other than with Transpower), Administrative settlements with Transpower made before 1 April 2009, Breaches of thresholds and default price-quality paths before 1 April 2010, Breaches of control imposed, or administrative settlements entered into, after 1 April 2009, Proposals for customised price-quality paths, Transpower grid upgrade plans and capital expenditure proposals, Approval of Transpower’s grid upgrade plans, Commission to prepare input methodology for capital expenditure proposals, Procedure before jurisdiction order can be made, Interface with Electricity Industry Act 2010, Impact of certain decisions made under Electricity Industry Act 2010, Savings provision relating to existing information disclosure requirements, Savings provision for existing levy regulations for electricity lines businesses, Gas pipeline services declared to be regulated, All gas pipeline services are subject to information disclosure regulation, All gas pipeline services are subject to price-quality regulation, Section 52P determinations setting out first default price-quality paths, Services controlled by virtue of Commerce (Control of Natural Gas Services) Order 2005, Existing order, authorisations, and undertakings continue to apply until 1 July 2012 (or earlier expiry), How price-quality regulation under this Part applies after 1 July 2012 (or earlier expiry), Impact of certain decisions made under Gas Act 1992, Savings provision until Commission publishes information disclosure requirements, Savings provision for existing levy regulations for services controlled under Commerce (Control of Natural Gas Services) Order 2005, Specified airport services regulated under this Part, Specified airport services declared to be regulated, Specified airport services subject to information disclosure regulation, Specified airport services subject to additional regulation if imposed by Order in Council, Commission inquiry into regulation of specified airport services, Commission’s recommendations following inquiry, Order in Council imposing additional type of regulation, Minister must consider Commission’s recommendation, Declaring services to be specified airport services, Order in Council declaring specified airport services, Technical provisions relating to declaration of control, Other Acts relating to price control not affected, Provisions applicable to electricity industry, Body that exercises jurisdiction under this Part, Transfer of jurisdiction in respect of Transpower, Transfer of jurisdiction relating to other large electricity lines businesses, Commission, not Minister, may declare that goods or services supplied by large electricity lines businesses are controlled, Incorporation by reference of material in thresholds, Effect of amendments to, or replacement of, material incorporated by reference in thresholds, Amendments to, or replacement of, material incorporated by reference to be of same general character as original material, Proof of material incorporated by reference, Effect of expiry of material incorporated by reference, Access to material incorporated by reference, Process for making decisions on declaration of control, Maximum of 5 years for duration of declaration, Impact of certain decisions made under Electricity Act 1992, Subpart 2—Transpower’s pricing methodology, Commission may be required to authorise Transpower’s pricing methodology, Authorisations in respect of Transpower’s pricing methodology, Information to be supplied to Commerce Commission, Reasonable charge may be imposed for providing copies of statements, Recalibration of asset values of large electricity line owners, Large electricity line owners must supply valuation to Commerce Commission, Comprehensive audit of asset values of large electricity line owners, Procedure after audit of asset values carried out, Process when carrying out review of valuation methodologies, Commission may grant authorisation for restrictive trade practices, Additional provisions relating to authorisations, Contraventions not prevented by granting of authorisation under section 59 or section 59A, Procedure for applications for authorisation of restrictive trade practices, Determination of applications for authorisation of restrictive trade practices, Commission to prepare draft determination in relation to restrictive trade practices, Commission may grant provisional authorisation, Commission may vary or revoke authorisations, Modifications in relation to application under section 65AA, Modifications in relation to certain applications made during epidemic period, Provisional authorisations for certain applications made during epidemic period, Commission may give clearances relating to cartel provisions, Commission may give clearances for business acquisitions, Commission may grant authorisations for business acquisitions, Provisions applying to applications for clearances and authorisations for business acquisitions, Authorisation or clearance void if undertaking contravened, Conferences in relation to business acquisitions, Authorisations in respect of controlled goods or services, Authorisations in respect of prices, revenues, and quality standards, Considerations to be observed by Commission, Remedies and penalties if overcharging or quality standards breached, Revocation and amendment of authorisations, Conferences in relation to authorisations about controlled goods or services, Pecuniary penalties for contravention of cease and desist order, Additional lay members of High Court for purposes of appellate jurisdiction in respect of Commission determinations, Lay members of High Court in certain cases, Relationship between pecuniary penalties and criminal liability, Restriction on indemnities relating to contraventions of section 30, Pecuniary penalties for contravention of section 80A, Court may order certain persons to be excluded from management of body corporate, Offence to act in contravention of order made under section 80C, Injunctions may be granted by court for contravention of Part 2, Actions for damages for contravention of Part 2, Exemplary damages for contravention of Part 2, Defence relating to exceptions to cartel prohibition, Disclosure by defendant in cartel prosecution, Consequences of failure to disclose under section 82D, Injunctions may be granted by court for contravention of Part 3, Actions for damages for contravention of Part 3, Court may order divestiture of assets or shares in respect of contravention of, Pecuniary penalties for contravention of undertaking, Court may order divestiture of assets or shares in respect of contravention of undertaking, Matters court must not take into account under sections 85A and 85B, Pecuniary penalty for contravening information disclosure requirement, Order requiring information disclosure requirement to be complied with, Offences relating to information disclosure regulation, Orders where negotiate/arbitrate regulation applies, Pecuniary penalty for contravening price-quality requirements, Compensation for contravention of price-quality requirement, Offence relating to price-quality regulation, Injunction and other orders relating to price-quality regulation, General provisions relating to granting of injunctions, When undertaking as to damages not required by Commission, Appeals from determinations of Commission, Appeals in relation to determinations by Commission, Court may refer appeals back for reconsideration, Provisions pending determination of appeal, Court may order proceedings to be heard in private, Appeal to Court of Appeal in certain cases, Commission may require person to supply information or documents or give evidence, Other duties of person who executes a warrant, Power to inspect and take copies of documents, etc, Commission may exercise powers notwithstanding other proceedings, Supply of information and documents in relation to section 36A, Commission may receive information and documents on behalf of, Purpose of sections 99C to 99P (which relate to assistance to overseas regulators), Definitions of terms used in sections 99B to 99P, Restrictions on providing compulsorily acquired information and investigative assistance, Government-to-government co-operation arrangements, Regulator-to-regulator co-operation arrangements, Procedures relating to co-operation arrangements, Providing compulsorily acquired information and investigative assistance, Conditions on providing compulsorily acquired information and investigative assistance, Notice to persons affected by provision of information, Reporting on use of co-operation arrangements, Sharing of non-compulsorily acquired information not affected, Powers of Commission to prohibit disclosure of information, documents, and evidence, Commission may state case for opinion of High Court, Repeals, revocations, savings, and consequential amendments, Transitional provisions in respect of certain contracts, arrangements, or understandings, Transitional provisions in respect of goods and services subject to price control under Commerce Act 1975, Transitional provisions in respect of goods and services subject to price restraint under regulations made under Commerce Act 1975, Transitional provisions in respect of milk pricing, Savings in respect of certain provisions of Commerce Act 1975, Winding up of Commerce Commission established under Commerce Act 1975, Members of Commerce Commission established under Commerce Act 1975 deemed to be members of Commission, Classes of merger or takeover proposals requiring prior clearance or authorisation by the Commission, Exemptions from Part 4 in respect of specific pipelines.

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